The old city, founded in the first century. Just like Samarkand, Bukhara was the center of caravan trade route from Central Asia to Europe. In 999 conquered by the Turks, then in 1220 by Genghis Khan in 1370 by Timur. Since the mid-sixteenth century capital of the Mongol Bukhara Khanate, then the emirate was under Russian protectorate. The old town of Bukhara is one of the most important bands of Islamic architecture in Central Asia and covers approximately 140 objects. It was inscribed in 1993 on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Worth seeing: Ark citadel, the ruins of the ramparts, the mausoleum of Samanid distinctive decoration of the walls of fired bricks arranged in decorative threads (the oldest preserved Islamic mausoleum in Central Asia), Po’i Kalon architectural ensemble, Magoki Attari mosque of the twelfth-sixteenth century (the oldest preserved in Central Asia), a madrassa Ulugh Beg from the years 1417-1418 (the oldest preserved in Central Asia), other complexes of buildings, halls of the sixteenth century. Bukhara is a living monument, the number of medieval buildings, mosques, traditional markets and madrassas is huge, suffice to several cities.